Under international treaties and conventions, everybody has the right to apply for asylum. Asylum seekers arrive in the country independently and tell the border control authorities or the police that they are seeking asylum.
If the asylum process concerning the applicant is already in progress in another EU country, the applicant must be returned to that country under the Dublin Regulation. However, under the Constitution of Finland a person may not be returned to a country where they might face death penalty, torture or other treatment violating human dignity.
Prolonged international conflicts and wars resulted in a surge in the number of asylum seekers in Finland and elsewhere in Europe during 2015. A total of 32,476 asylum seekers arrived in Finland in 2015. Of these, 3,024 were unaccompanied minors.