Immigrants in Uusimaa
There is a strong concentration of foreign-language speaking population in Uusimaa and, in particular, its three largest cities: Helsinki, Espoo and Vantaa. About 55% of the entire foreign-language population in Finland lives in Uusimaa region. The largest foreign-language speaking groups are the Russians, Estonians and Somali.
The municipalities in Uusimaa have seen very different levels of immigration. Some have engaged in immigration and integration work for extended periods, whereas others have only received their first foreign-speaking residents in recent years.
In 2014, there were about 117,000 foreign citizens living in Uusimaa. The number of foreign-language speakers now exceeds 171,000, accounting for about 10.6% of the population in the entire region. The largest numbers of foreign-language speakers were living in Vantaa (14.4% of the residents), Helsinki (13.5%) and Espoo (13.3%), whereas the lowest numbers were found in Pukkila (1.7% of the residents). More than 150 languages are spoken in Uusimaa.
In their age structure, immigrants differ from the population as a whole: the largest group in relative terms are those in working age, or aged 25 to 44 years, while the group in retirement age (aged over 65) is the smallest.